4 Types of Braces (Procedures, Costs & FAQs) (2022)

What Are Dental Braces?

Braces are orthodontic devices that straighten crooked and misaligned teeth.

When people think of orthodontics, this treatment is normally the first to come to mind. Dental braces are used for both aesthetic and functional reasons, not only to correct a patient’s smile but also to realign their jaw.

Braces are available for people of all ages. Although, children between 10 and 14 years of age are the most common age group to get treatment.

4 Types of Braces (Procedures, Costs & FAQs) (1)

How Do Braces Work?

Orthodontic treatment is different for every patient depending on their needs, jaw and teeth structure, and age. There are seven main components of braces that connect together to realign teeth and create a healthier smile over time, including:

Bracket

The most popular types of dental braces use brackets, which are small, square-shaped pieces of metal or ceramic. They are placed in the center of each tooth and are staggered depending on the patient’s needs and how their teeth are aligned.

Archwire

A metal archwire fits through the center of the brackets and applies ongoing pressure to the teeth. The wire gradually shifts teeth into their ideal positions.

Elastic Ligature

Elastic ligatures are small rubber bands that go around each bracket. Ligatures ensure the archwire stays in its slot. They also help guide teeth into their correct positions. The elastics come in a variety of sizes and colors and are replaced during every orthodontic adjustment appointment.

Chain Elastic

Chain elastics, or power chains, replace the elastic ligatures on each tooth. They add even more pressure to the teeth and create a tightening force that pulls the teeth together. Typically, power chains are used at the end of treatment.

Wire Ligature

Wire ligatures are thin, stainless steel wires that keep the archwire in place. The wires also secure the individual brackets to each tooth. These may be used in place of elastic ligatures when it is difficult to keep the archwire in the bracket.

(Video) Getting Braces ?! 5 Things to Know

Coil

Coils, also called coil springs, are positioned between two brackets when the teeth are too close together (overlap). Coils separate the teeth and restore a patient’s bite.

Rubber Band

Rubber bands are attached to hooks and connect the top and bottom brackets together. They ensure the teeth line up properly and help reposition the jaw. Rubber bands are placed and removed daily by the patient.

4 Types of Braces (Procedures, Costs & FAQs) (2)

4 Types of Braces

There are many different types and over a hundred brands of braces to choose from.

For adults, there are more aesthetic options available for those who don’t want visible metal braces. For example, clear ceramic braces mirror the size and shape of metal braces but are actually made of porcelain.

Four common types of dental braces include:

Traditional Metal Braces

Traditional metal braces are the most effective and affordable orthodontic treatment option.

They fix overcrowding, align the teeth, and reposition the jaw. An orthodontist easily moves the teeth in small increments during routine check-ups. For children and teens, traditional braces are the most popular option. Options for adults are also available if they do not mind visible metal brackets.

4 Types of Braces (Procedures, Costs & FAQs) (3)
(Video) How braces are put on - AMAZING ! - Now with 12 month - Progress : https://goo.gl/jXaY15

Clear Braces

Clear braces, also called ceramic or invisible braces, are the same size and shape as metal braces and serve the same purpose.

The main difference between the two types is that clear braces have tooth-colored brackets, which means they blend in with natural teeth and are less noticeable. The rubber bands and elastic components of clear braces are also see-through or white. Invisible braces are ideal for teens and adults.

4 Types of Braces (Procedures, Costs & FAQs) (4)

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are a lesser-known, alternative option to traditional metal braces. This “invisible” orthodontic treatment is similar to conventional braces. Although, the main difference is that the brackets and wires are placed on the backs of teeth.

Lingual braces use the same hardware and methods as traditional “outside” braces.

4 Types of Braces (Procedures, Costs & FAQs) (5)

Clear Aligners

Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, are another popular “invisible” orthodontic treatment option. They are minimally invasive and removable.

They usually cost the same as traditional metal braces. Patients must wear each custom aligner for up to three weeks. Teeth move a fraction of a millimeter at a time and require less in-office visits. Aligners are a popular option for teens and adults.

4 Types of Braces (Procedures, Costs & FAQs) (6)
(Video) 10 Things to Know When Getting Braces

Braces and Headgear

Orthodontic headgear is an appliance that treats a variety of different bite problems.

The appliances attach to your face or head with a neck strap. Treatment is usually only necessary if a child has an overbite, underbite, overjet, crossbite, or open bite. Most cases of mild to moderately crooked teeth can be straightened with braces alone.

Headgear can only be used in combination with braces. Braces move teeth, while headgear is capable of influencing the growth of the jaws. Only children are candidates for headgear because their jaws are not fully developed.

Placement of Braces & Treatment Plan

1. Consultation

An in-depth orthodontic consultation is required before the placement of braces. The orthodontist recommends the best treatment option depending on individual needs.

2. Before Treatment

Teeth must be deep cleaned by a dentist before braces are placed. If other oral care treatments are needed, such as periodontal disease treatment, cavity fillings, or tooth extractions, they should be completed before orthodontic treatment as well.

3. First Appointment

During the first visit with an orthodontist, x-rays are taken of the patient’s mouth and custom molds are made.

4. Placement of Braces

The bonding appointment takes about two hours. The orthodontist dries the patient’s teeth, places the braces on using a special adhesive, hardens the adhesive with a curing light, and sets the bond. Finally, the orthodontist runs the archwire through the brackets and applies the ligature to keep all of the materials in place.

5. Follow-Up Appointments

Within four to eight weeks after placement, the first follow-up appointment is scheduled. The orthodontist routinely swaps out elastics and archwires to ensure the teeth are moving in the right direction. A patient visits their orthodontist every four to eight weeks until the braces are removed. Braces are left on for 18 months to three years.

6. Last Appointment

The brackets and corresponding materials come off easily. The orthodontist first removes the bonding adhesive, brackets, wire, and elastics. Then the enamel is cleaned. Finally, a permanent or removable retainer (mouthguard) is created to ensure the patient’s teeth stay in place.

(Video) How Do BRACES FIX Overbites? | Overbite Before and After Braces | Premier Orthodontics

7. Aftercare

While braces are in place, paying extra attention to oral care practices is essential to see the best results. Flossing and brushing are recommended after every meal. This ensures food, debris, and bacteria do not get stuck between the brackets and cause more serious dental conditions.

Oral Health Risks of Braces

Not only do straight teeth improve your appearance, but they also have oral health benefits. For example, straight teeth are easier to brush and floss between, which leads to better oral hygiene. If your teeth are crooked, however, it is more difficult to remove plaque. As a result, you have a higher risk of developing oral conditions over time.

Some risk factors associated with crooked teeth include:

  • Cavities (tooth decay)
  • Gum diseases, such as gingivitis and periodontal disease (PD)
  • Decreased chewing and speaking abilities
  • Jaw issues and temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD)
  • Worn down tooth enamel
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth loss

Eating With Braces

During orthodontic treatment with metal, clear, or lingual braces, food choices are limited. This is because it’s crucial to not ingest anything that can damage the braces.

Hard and sticky foods, such as candy, get stuck between the brackets and are difficult to remove. This can lead to cavities, decay, and lose brackets.

Safe To Eat

  • Soft Fruit
  • Milk
  • Yogurt
  • Soft Grains
  • Soft Bread
  • Lean Meat
  • Tofu
  • Smooth Nut Butters
  • Cooked Vegetables

Limited

  • Candy
  • Sugar Foods
  • Hard Fruit
  • Soft Cheese
  • Bone-In Meat
  • Nuts and Seeds
  • Uncooked Vegetables
  • Hard Crusted/Toasted Breads
  • Hard Grains

Treatment Cost & Insurance Coverage

Dental insurance for braces is required for children in some states. For adults, however, insurance may only cover part of the cost.

Dental insurance doesn't consider whether the reason for braces is esthetic or not. Most insurance companies cover treatment if the plan provides orthodontic benefits. They do not pay for treatment if the plan doesn't include orthodontic benefits.

In this article

(Video) TYPES AND COST OF BRACES (HINDI)|Braces lagane mein kitna kharcha aata hai

FAQs

What is the cost of braces? ›

The cost range for braces can vary greatly for each type:

Metal braces (traditional braces): $3,000 - 7,000. Ceramic braces: $4,000 - 8,000. Lingual braces: $8,000 - 10,000. Invisalign: $4,000 - 7,400.

What are the 5 stages of braces? ›

Five Stages of an Orthodontic Treatment
  • Consultation Stage. ...
  • Bonding/Banding Stage. ...
  • Regular Adjustments Stage. ...
  • Debanding Stage. ...
  • Retainer Stage. ...
  • If you are currently suffering from any of the cases mentioned earlier, your dentist will most certainly refer you to an orthodontist.

Which type of braces work faster? ›

Currently, clear aligners offer the fastest correction speed. For reference, Invisalign treatments can be finished in several months, whereas metal braces can take several years. It's not just clear aligners that offer speed. Another form of fast-correcting braces is self-ligating braces.

Which kind of braces are best? ›

Orthodontic patients generally find ceramic braces more comfortable to wear than metal ones. The high-quality materials aren't abrasive, so they won't irritate your gums or the sides of your mouth (a common complaint for metal brace wearers).

How long do braces usually take? ›

On average, it takes about 24 months to complete an orthodontic treatment. Some patients require less than 12 months, but there are also patients requiring up to 3 years of treatment before their teeth reach the desired position. Orthodontics is not a one-size-fits-all solution and each patient's mouth is unique.

Which braces are the cheapest? ›

Generally, clear aligners, or invisible braces, are the cheapest type of braces compared with other forms of orthodontic treatment like metal braces or lingual braces.

What is the best age for braces? ›

However, a general rule of thumb is your kids should look at getting braces between the ages of 9 and 14. Usually, this is before they've gone through puberty. If they've already gone through it, this means it'll be harder to adjust their jaw and/or teeth, as they've already settled into their post-puberty positions.

How long does your mouth hurt after getting braces? ›

The discomfort typically disappears within four days, and braces pain rarely lasts longer than a week. When you first get braces, it's also common to feel some pain in your cheeks for about a week.

What are side effects of braces? ›

Common Side Effects of Braces
  • Mild Discomfort. Some discomfort with braces is totally normal and should be expected. ...
  • Irritation. ...
  • Jaw Pain. ...
  • Difficulty Eating. ...
  • Tooth Decay. ...
  • Decalcification. ...
  • Allergic Reactions. ...
  • Root Resorption.
18 Nov 2018

What can't I eat with braces? ›

Foods to avoid with braces:
  • Chewy foods — bagels, licorice.
  • Crunchy foods — popcorn, chips, ice.
  • Sticky foods — caramel candies, chewing gum.
  • Hard foods — nuts, hard candies.
  • Foods that require biting into — corn on the cob, apples, carrots.

Can I drink cold water with braces? ›

If you're worried about costly pain relief options, this one is on the cost-effective side. Try drinking cold water to ease sore teeth from braces. Like the ice pack, the water's cold temperature will help decrease inflammation. Unlike the ice pack, however, drinking cold water will numb the inside of your mouth.

How long do braces start to work? ›

How Long do Braces Take to Work? Results will vary depending on many factors such as bone density, misalignment severity, and even the age of the patient. However, you will generally start to notice changes within four to six weeks. Within a few months, others may notice that your braces are starting to be effective.

How long is the finishing stage of braces? ›

The average orthodontic treatment falls somewhere between 16-18 months, but can sometimes take as long as 24 months, or even more. Be wary of promises from anyone who says you can have a straight smile in only six months.

Can I shorten my braces time? ›

AcceleDent is a safe, effective way to shorten your braces timeline by up to 50%. AcceleDent is a small device that generates small vibrations to accelerate the metabolism process of moving your teeth while in treatment. The appliance must be used 20 minutes a day to obtain the benefits.

What brace color looks best? ›

When it comes to the most popular braces, guys will go for darker shades of blue and green, whereas girls tend to choose brighter shades of these colors as well as pink or light purple. Users chose these colors because they look natural and match various skin tones and hair colors.

How do you brush with braces? ›

Orthodontic Home Care Instructions | Braces | Brushing - YouTube

Can braces work faster than expected? ›

Research has shown that the earlier someone gets braces, the faster their treatment will usually be. Generally speaking, the most optimal time for getting braces is around 11-14 years old.

Is clear or metal braces better? ›

Metal braces are constructed from more durable materials than clear braces, which means that you are less likely to incur additional repair costs. Metal braces are also less likely to show stains from pigmented foods which can adhere to clear braces and change the shade if good oral hygiene is not maintained.

How much pain is too much for braces? ›

Minor soreness is normal, but severe or shooting pain is not normal and should be brought to Dr. King's attention immediately. You should never feel any severe pain during braces treatment. The initial aches and discomfort should only last about 3 to 5 days, with improvements each day.

What are the stages of braces? ›

There are three general stages of braces and Invisalign treatment: the planning stage, the active stage, and the retention stage. All three phases are super important.

When do teeth start moving with braces? ›

By the end of the first month, you may see your teeth have moved slightly. From there, each time you get your braces adjusted, your teeth will move just a little more. After several months, there will be significant movement, and people you know may notice your teeth moving.

How do people afford braces? ›

Five Ways to Pay for Braces
  1. Organize a Payment Plan. Most people don't pay for their braces in one lump payment. ...
  2. Contact Your Insurance Company. If you have health insurance, then contact your company and find out what's covered under your plan. ...
  3. Join a Dental Plan. ...
  4. Investigate Government Programs. ...
  5. Dental Charities.
22 Apr 2021

Can you get braces on top teeth only? ›

While you can get braces on your top or bottom teeth only (deferred to as single or one-arch orthodontic treatment), it's only suitable some patients. For most, it may not be the most ideal treatment plan. It's not that common but some patients only need single arch treatment.

Do braces hurt? ›

Braces can cause discomfort or pain while the person is wearing them. Usually, people will only feel pain or discomfort when an orthodontist first fits the braces and after regular brace tightening. They may also feel pain if part of the brace is rubbing or poking into the inside of their mouth.

Is 18 too late for braces? ›

If you're thinking about correcting your smile with braces as an adult, it isn't too late. While braces are commonly thought of as a treatment for children or teenagers, they can actually be used for anyone of virtually any age – once most of the adult teeth have emerged.

Do braces change your face? ›

With braces, the change to your face shape is a gradual one. It's less obvious in adults, whose skeletal features are already completely developed. During your orthodontic consultation, our Ottawa orthodontist, Dr. Charles Cohen, can pinpoint which areas, if any, might change once your teeth are properly aligned.

Is it OK to chew gum with braces? ›

Patients should not chew gum while they have their expander, but patients with traditional braces can chew gum if it is on the ADA (American Dental Association) approved list of sugar-free gums. These gums are sweetened by non-cavity causing sweeteners such as aspartame, sorbitol or mannitol.

How long after braces can I eat? ›

The adhesive we use to secure the brackets to your teeth will dry very quickly but can take up to 24 hours to fully set. It is fine to eat right after you leave our office. However, we recommend that you stick with softer foods for the first few days as you get used to eating with your new braces.

What can you eat the first week of braces? ›

Here's a list for first week of braces foods that we recommend our patients stock up on.
  • Eggs.
  • Oatmeal.
  • Smoothies.
  • Cold drinks.
  • Yogurt.
  • Noodles and pasta.
  • Soup.
  • Mashed potatoes.
26 Apr 2021

Do teeth get weak after braces? ›

Braces and Invisalign do not cause teeth to become weaker, looser, or fall out in healthy people. Braces can be a good option for those with poor periodontal health. Excessive force in orthodontic treatment with Invisalign or braces can cause severe damage to the root and pulp of teeth as well as the supporting bones.

Do braces affect brain? ›

The results of the study proved that orthodontic care improves mental health and body image significantly! So, yes, having braces does affect your mental health — in a good way.

Are braces risky? ›

Orthodontic treatment is associated with a number of adverse effects, such as root resorption, pain, pulpal changes, periodontal disease, and temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). Orthodontists should be aware of these effects and associated risk factors.

Can u eat pizza with braces? ›

Can you eat pizza with braces? Yes! You certainly can, as long as you avoid crusts and toppings that are too tough and hard, sticky, or stringy, and eat in small, careful bites. Of course, it's also essential to clean your teeth and the metal wires after eating for optimum dental health.

What can I drink with braces? ›

Drinks – When you are thirsty, plain milk or water (non-fizzy) are good and safe choices. Limit fruit juices to mealtimes only. During the treatment period avoid sodas and other fizzy drinks as it can damage the teeth.

Can u eat chicken with braces? ›

Grilled Chicken and Vegetables. While meat from a bone can cause damage to your braces, deboned meats like chicken breast can be eaten. Chicken pairs nicely with vegetables like broccoli.

Can I eat fries with braces? ›

Yes – you may eat fries – but you need to make sure that you're brushing your teeth properly and after every meal. Remove any leftovers with a proxy tip or floss tip. Also, don't forcefully remove any leftovers if you are having a hard time doing so – trying repeatedly will only cause damage to your braces.

Can I eat hot food after braces? ›

Can Hot Food Help with Braces Pain? If you get your braces installed during the cold season, the braces tend to tighten up, causing pain. Warmer foods like soup and oatmeal can help loosen the braces and soothe mouth pain. However, as mentioned above, avoid super hot foods when you first get your braces.

What to expect after installing braces? ›

Most patients experience some discomfort the first 4 days to a week after their braces, expanders, and/or wires are placed and after a wire adjustment and/or an activation appointment. Your lips and cheeks may need one to two weeks to get used to the braces on your teeth.

What happens on the first day of braces? ›

Day 1: Having the braces placed on your teeth is not painful. But as your teeth begin to move, they typically will become sore. The soreness you experience is not a sharp pain, but rather a dull ache that typically lasts not more than 2 or 3 days.

Can teeth move 10 years after braces? ›

The simple answer is yes. Yes, your teeth can shift back after braces and yes teeth moving after braces are quite normal. Even though we see it with some of our patients, it's important that you work on eliminating the possibility of teeth moves once your braces are off.

Can you eat meat with braces? ›

Grilled Chicken and vegetables: While meat from a bone can cause damage to your braces, boneless meat and chicken can be eaten. Chicken pairs nicely with vegetables, such as broccoli, which are also good for your braces.

Can you have milk with braces? ›

As sugar is a component to many drinks, beverages such as soda, natural fruit juice and carbonated drinks should not be consumed. Such drinks can damage tooth enamel and increase chances of tooth decay and erosion. Such drinks may also stain your brackets. Water and milk are the best beverages to consume.

Can I use a straw with braces? ›

Avoid Using Straws

The pressure from sucking on a straw irritates your gums, especially when they are already sore from having braces put on.

What are normal braces called? ›

Metal braces are often called Traditional braces or Conventional braces. These have been used for years by dentists and are still one of the most preferred forms of treatment for poor jaw alignment.

What age is best for braces? ›

However, a general rule of thumb is your kids should look at getting braces between the ages of 9 and 14. Usually, this is before they've gone through puberty. If they've already gone through it, this means it'll be harder to adjust their jaw and/or teeth, as they've already settled into their post-puberty positions.

What is the age limit for braces? ›

There is no age limit for braces for teeth. Those who have orthodontic issues can benefit from treatment at nearly any age; there is no braces age limit.

How long do braces usually last? ›

On average, it takes about 24 months to complete an orthodontic treatment. Some patients require less than 12 months, but there are also patients requiring up to 3 years of treatment before their teeth reach the desired position. Orthodontics is not a one-size-fits-all solution and each patient's mouth is unique.

What are side effects of braces? ›

Common Side Effects of Braces
  • Mild Discomfort. Some discomfort with braces is totally normal and should be expected. ...
  • Irritation. ...
  • Jaw Pain. ...
  • Difficulty Eating. ...
  • Tooth Decay. ...
  • Decalcification. ...
  • Allergic Reactions. ...
  • Root Resorption.
18 Nov 2018

What can't I eat with braces? ›

Foods to avoid with braces:
  • Chewy foods — bagels, licorice.
  • Crunchy foods — popcorn, chips, ice.
  • Sticky foods — caramel candies, chewing gum.
  • Hard foods — nuts, hard candies.
  • Foods that require biting into — corn on the cob, apples, carrots.

How long does your mouth hurt after getting braces? ›

The discomfort typically disappears within four days, and braces pain rarely lasts longer than a week. When you first get braces, it's also common to feel some pain in your cheeks for about a week.

Is 18 too late for braces? ›

If you're thinking about correcting your smile with braces as an adult, it isn't too late. While braces are commonly thought of as a treatment for children or teenagers, they can actually be used for anyone of virtually any age – once most of the adult teeth have emerged.

Do braces change your face? ›

With braces, the change to your face shape is a gradual one. It's less obvious in adults, whose skeletal features are already completely developed. During your orthodontic consultation, our Ottawa orthodontist, Dr. Charles Cohen, can pinpoint which areas, if any, might change once your teeth are properly aligned.

Is it OK to chew gum with braces? ›

Patients should not chew gum while they have their expander, but patients with traditional braces can chew gum if it is on the ADA (American Dental Association) approved list of sugar-free gums. These gums are sweetened by non-cavity causing sweeteners such as aspartame, sorbitol or mannitol.

How do you brush with braces? ›

Orthodontic Home Care Instructions | Braces | Brushing - YouTube

Can we put braces without removing teeth? ›

Orthodontists are trained and experienced in treating complex cases requiring teeth extractions. They will authorize the removal of only those teeth that absolutely necessary for achieving a healthy, beautiful smile and a correct bite. Only a minor percentage of braces cases require tooth extraction.

Is 25 too old for braces? ›

Fortunately, adults are not on a ticking clock for orthodontics, as it's never too late to wear orthodontic braces. We think that qualifies as great news for all our adult patients. To answer that question in the back of your mind, yes, you can put on braces at the age of 25.

How much pain is too much for braces? ›

Minor soreness is normal, but severe or shooting pain is not normal and should be brought to Dr. King's attention immediately. You should never feel any severe pain during braces treatment. The initial aches and discomfort should only last about 3 to 5 days, with improvements each day.

What are the stages of braces? ›

There are three general stages of braces and Invisalign treatment: the planning stage, the active stage, and the retention stage. All three phases are super important.

How quickly do teeth move with braces? ›

In general, you can expect to see some noticeable movement from around two months into the treatment. Some people notice it much sooner, and it could be as little as four weeks after you start wearing your aligners.

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